3 Common Vision Conditions in Kids

Vision issues affect your child’s behavior and performance in school, but often go unnoticed by parents, caregivers, and even some pediatricians. Kids may not tell you they’re having trouble seeing, or they may not even realize it. After all, this is the way they’ve always seen the world.

At Penguin Pediatrics, your child’s entire health and well-being is our utmost concern. As part of wellness exams, we perform comprehensive age-appropriate vision screening tests to spot problems. 

Vision issues in children

Here’s the rundown on three common eye conditions we see in pediatric patients in our offices in Ashburn and Stone Ridge, Virginia.

1. Lazy eye

Even if your child’s eyes appear normal, one eye may have poor vision due to one eye being weaker. This condition, known as “lazy eye” or amblyopia, can be due to crossed eyes or because of a refractive issue, which is the ability of the eye to bend light. If not treated, amblyopia can result in permanent vision loss.

Treatment should begin as soon as the condition is noticed and is best before a child is 8 years old. Options include vision exercises, patching the healthy eye (so the weaker eye must work), eye drops, and surgery.

2. Refractive errors

Refractive errors occur when the cornea or lens fails to bend the light normally. Refractive errors result in issues such as:

Refractive errors in only one eye may cause amblyopia.

3. Misalignment of the eyes

The clinical term for misalignment of the eyes is strabismus. Misalignment may cause the eyes to turn out, in, up, or down. Amblyopia can develop in a misaligned eye. For children with strabismus, surgery or specially designed glasses can help restore proper alignment.

Recognizing vision issues

Your child may not tell you they’re having vision issues, but they may show you. Be concerned if you notice your child is extremely sensitive to light or regularly rubs their eyes, even when not tired. 

In very young children, you may notice that your child has trouble focusing or can’t follow an object well with their eyes. Chronic tearing, redness, or unusual pupils are other issues we can address at your appointment here at Penguin Pediatrics.

School-age children may complain about not being able to see the board or projector in class, or they may sit too close to the television or their devices at home. You may notice them squinting or being unable to read signs or see images at a distance.

At our office, Dr. Umesh Kodu we do Vision Screening ( Photo Screening)  if they’re too young to participate in traditional chart reading. We can also evaluate whether your child has misalignment issues.

The most common vision issues are reversible, especially with prescription lenses. Kids of just about any age, even babies, can wear glasses. 

For all of your child’s health needs, consult Dr. Kodu and our team at Penguin Pediatrics. Call today to schedule their appointment or book online.

You Might Also Enjoy...

Five Common Causes of Childhood Tooth Decay

It’s not just carelessness about brushing and flossing that causes tooth decay in children. Diet, family habits, and genetics all play a role in whether your child will end up with early cavities. Here are five major causes of tooth decay in kids.

How to Keep Warts From Spreading

Children are especially susceptible to developing warts. These skin growths are generally harmless but can be aesthetically displeasing and even painful. Here’s how to prevent warts from spreading and make the ones your child does have disappear.

How Does ADHD Affect Self-Esteem?

ADHD can affect a child’s self-esteem as they grow into an adult. They may suffer criticism from others for years, and each day is full of challenges. Here’s how you can help your child’s mental health when they have ADHD.

The Dangers of Diarrhea in Children

Diarrhea is a common ailment in children, especially those under 5 years old. Here’s when to worry about a case of diarrhea and what to do to avoid any complications.

When to Schedule a Sick Visit and When to Go to the ER

When your child is injured or doesn’t feel well, prompt medical care is important. How extensive and immediate that care needs to be depends on your child and their symptoms. Here’s when to schedule a sick visit and when to head to the ER.